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Torah Portion Passover Ex.12



Exodus 12 Outline

  • 12 :1-20 Yahweh tells Moses to instruct Israel concerning the Passover and Feast of Unleavened Bread.
  • 12:21-28 Moses relates the instructions concerning Passover
  • 12:29-36 The narrative of the tenth plague.
  • 12:37-42 Leaving Egypt.
  • 12:43-51 More instructions concerning the Passover offering.

Exodus 12:1-6 Exodus 12:1 And Yahweh spake unto Moses and Aaron in the land of Egypt, saying, 12:2 This month shall be unto you the beginning of months: it shall be the first month of the year to you. 12:3 Speak ye unto all the congregation of Israel, saying, In the tenth day of this month they shall take to them every man a lamb, according to the house of their fathers, a lamb for an house: 12:4 And if the household be too little for the lamb, let him and his neighbour next unto his house take it according to the number of the souls; every man according to his eating shall make your count for the lamb. 12:5 Your lamb shall be without blemish, a male of the first year: ye shall take it out from the sheep, or from the goats: 12:6 And ye shall keep it up until the fourteenth day of the same month: and the whole assembly of the congregation of Israel shall kill it in the evening.

  • What general topic is Moses speaking about in Exodus 12:1-6?
  • What was the purpose for examining the lamb from the 10-14th of Aviv?

Ex. 12:12 For I will pass through the land of Egypt this night, and will smite all the firstborn in the land of Egypt, both man and beast; and against all the mighty one's of Egypt I will execute judgment: I am Yahweh.

Ex.12:13 And the blood shall be to you for a token upon the houses where ye are: and when I see the blood, I will pass over you, and the plague shall not be upon you to destroy you, when I smite the land of Egypt.

Ex 12:27 That ye shall say(To your children), It is the sacrifice of Yahweh's passover, who passed over the houses of the children of Israel in Egypt, when he smote the Egyptians, and delivered our houses. And the people bowed the head and worshipped.

  • What important theme do we see presented in verses 12-13 (also verse 27)
  • V -12 I will smite the first born.V-13 Yah says I will pass over you .V -27 That ye shall say(To your children), It is the sacrifice of Yahweh's Passover

The 10th parsha. Ex.12:37-42

Ex. 12:37-42 Ex. 12:37 And the children of Israel journeyed from Rameses to Succoth, about six hundred thousand on foot that were men, beside children. 12:38 And a mixed multitude went up also with them; and flocks, and herds, even very much cattle. 12:39 And they baked unleavened cakes of the dough which they brought forth out of Egypt, for it was not leavened; because they were thrust out of Egypt, and could not tarry, neither had they prepared for themselves any victual. 12:40 Now the sojourning of the children of Israel, who dwelt in Egypt, was four hundred and thirty years. 12:41 And it came to pass at the end of the four hundred and thirty years, even the selfsame day it came to pass, that all the hosts of Yahweh went out from the land of Egypt. 12:42 It is a night to be much observed unto Yahweh for bringing them out from the land of Egypt: this is that night of Yahweh to be observed of all the children of Israel in their generations.

  • What is emphasized as the most significant action that occurred? (42 It is a night to be much observed unto Yahweh.)
  • What specific information does the Torah give us about that night?
  • Notice that the Torah is very specific in mentioning that 430 years had passed. It even says that it was 430 years to the day that had passed. But it doesn't mention the event or day that began the 430-year count! (Gal. 3:15-17)

The eleventh parsha begins in verse 43 with the instructions concerning Passover.

  • What is the main topic of verses 43-50 of this Parsha?(You must be circumcised To take Passover.)
  • To recap, Parsha eleven (whose main topic is circumcision as a prerequisite to eating the Passover lamb)
  • The Israelites left Egypt 430 years from the day of some event in the past.

Circumcision and the Abrahamic covenant.

Making the Connection.

  • The first mention of a four hundred and thirty year time period is in Genesis 15:1-21 at the Covenant between the Pieces.
  • Abram is promised a son.
  • Abram is imputed righteousness because of his faith.
  • Yahweh cuts the covenant with Abram.
  • Yahweh informs Abram that his descendants will be enslaved in a foreign land for four hundred years.
  • Gen. 15:1-21 (read it)
  • The words four hundred and on the same day, are present in the Genesis and Exodus passages!
  • With the help of a genealogy table, you will be able to calculate that the 430 years were the time period from when Abram made the covenant in Genesis 15 until the liberation of Israel from Egypt.
  • The 400 years refers to the period of exile which began with the birth of Isaac on Aviv 15!
  • In Exodus, the references to on the same day are intended to signal to us that Yahweh was fulfilling His promise to Abram. This passage in Genesis is our first major thematic connection to parshiot ten, eleven and twelve in Exodus.
  • Connect Exodus 12:43-50 with Genesis 17 where Yahweh instituted circumcision as part of the Abrahamic covenant!
  • Genesis 17:1-8(read it )
  • The covenant sign of circumcision in Genesis 17 was a sign to show the close covenant relationship between Yahweh and the Israelites and those who join themselves to Abram and his descendants.
  • Torah wants to relate the Passover offering to the Abrahamic covenant based on the passages in Genesis 15 and 17.
  • The focus of the Genesis 15 passage was the promise of deliverance. This was one of Yahweh's responsibilities in the covenant.
  • The focus of the Genesis 17 passage was circumcision, which was the responsibility of the Israelites and anyone who joined them. It was only through observance of the Passover sacrifice that the Israelite firstborns received life, yet they couldn't receive life from that sacrifice unless they were circumcised.
  • In other words, the life to be gained from the Passover sacrifice was only available to those firstborns who had demonstrated they had fulfilled their part of the Abrahamic covenant through circumcision.

The significance of the Blood on the Doorposts and Lintels.

  • Read Exodus 12:21-28.
  • The theme of resurrection and life through deliverance from death is a strong theme used to teach us about the work of the Messiah Yahshua.
  • In Hebrew, the word for life is chayim.(YHWH)
  • If you were to trace the shape of the blood smeared on the doorposts and lintel, what would it look like?
  • When you obey Yahweh's commandments (in this case, the Passover ritual) you will have life.

How does the Passover sacrifice teach the theme of new life and resurrection?

  • The Israelites stepped forward through their blood-stained doors as a free nation, just as the child emerges from the bloody orifice. A new nation has been literally born, redeemed by the blood of a lamb. They are no longer slaves.
  • The sacrifice of the Passover lamb painted a picture of deliverance from death unto life.
  • Torah Picture, Israel was saved by putting their faith in the blood of the Lamb. Everyone is saved by putting their faith in the blood of the Lamb.
  • How did Abram get saved? He believed in the promise of a son. How do we get saved? We believe in the promise of THE SON.
  • Ephesians 1:13? So we see that the Spirit is the seal upon all who through circumcision of their hearts have been BORN AGAIN or REBORN!

What are some of the profound things that happen when we are born again?

  • According to Romans 6-8, we are delivered from the bondage of sin.
  • According to Romans 4, we are imputed righteousness and our sins are forgiven.
  • According to II Corinthians 5, we become new creations.
  • According to Ephesians 1, we are sealed with the Spirit. Covenant/Circumcision

What is our sign?( Acts 2:38)


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