Recent Sermon Notes

Torah Portion Gen.2:4 to 3:15




  • Genesis 2:4-7-Creation of vegetation and man
  • Genesis 2:8-14-Gan Eden (The Garden of Eden)
  • Genesis 2:15-17-Man's duties in Gan Eden
  • Genesis 2:18-25-Finding a suitable helper for man
  • Genesis 3:1-7-Adam and Chava (Eve) are tempted and fail the test
  • Genesis 3:8-13- Yahweh intervenes
  • Genesis 3:14-15-The serpent's judgment

Genesis 2:4-7

  • V-4 This is the account of the heavens and the earth when they were created, when Yahweh Elohim made the earth and the heavens.
  • V-5 Now no shrub had yet appeared on the earth and no plant had yet sprung up, for Yahweh Elohim had not sent rain on the earth and there was no one to work the ground,
  • V-6 but streams came up from the earth and watered the whole surface of the ground.
  • V-7 Then Yahweh Elohim formed a man from the dust of the ground and breathed into his nostrils the breath of life, and the man became a living being.
  • Vegetation (trees and herbs), water (rain and mist), and man.

Genesis 2:8-14

  • The appearance of the vegetation is dependent upon water and man for growth.
  • The Torah seems to be trying to get us to focus on the relationship between man and the garden.

Gen 2:8-14 8 Now Yahweh Elohim had planted a garden in the east, in Eden; and there he put the man he had formed. 9 Yahweh Elohim made all kinds of trees grow out of the ground-trees that were pleasing to the eye and good for food. In the middle of the garden were the tree of life and the tree of the knowledge of good and evil. 10 A river watering the garden flowed from Eden; from there it was separated into four headwaters. 11 The name of the first is the Pishon; it winds through the entire land of Havilah, where there is gold. 12 (The gold of that land is good; aromatic resin[d] and onyx are also there.) 13 The name of the second river is the Gihon; it winds through the entire land of Cush. 14 The name of the third river is the Tigris; it runs along the east side of Ashur. And the fourth river is the Euphrates.

How is Genesis 2:15-17 thematically related to the first two sections of our outline?

  • Once again we see that the Torah is emphasizing the relationship between man and vegetation of the garden.

What particular aspects of Gan Eden does the Torah seem to be emphasizing

  • Once again we see that the Torah is emphasizing the relationship between man and vegetation of the garden.
  • It is significant that the Tree of the Knowledge of Good and Evil has been mentioned again. Until this point, the Torah has emphasized the relationship between man and Gan Eden, with a particular emphasis on the tree of knowledge of good and evil.

How is the emphasis of Genesis 2:18-25 different from that of the preceding bullet points

  • The preceding bullets emphasized the relationship between man and vegetation. This bullet emphasizes the need for man to have another more fulfilling relationship-with woman.
  • In fact, the Torah has also shown us that even Adam's relationship with the animals is not sufficient for him. Thus far the Torah has taught us about the relationship between man and Gan Eden (he must work it), and between man and woman (they are to become one flesh.

Gen.2:18-25 18 Yahweh Elohim said, "It is not good for the man to be alone. I will make a helper suitable for him." 19 Now Yahweh Elohim had formed out of the ground all the wild animals and all the birds in the sky. He brought them to the man to see what he would name them; and whatever the man called each living creature, that was its name. 20 So the man gave names to all the livestock, the birds in the sky and all the wild animals.But for Adam no suitable helper was found. 21 So Yahweh Elohim caused the man to fall into a deep sleep; and while he was sleeping, he took one of the man's ribs and then closed up the place with flesh. 22 Then Yahweh Elohim made a woman from the rib he had taken out of the man, and he brought her to the man. 23 The man said,"This is now bone of my bones and flesh of my flesh;she shall be called 'woman,' for she was taken out of man." 24 That is why a man leaves his father and mother and is united to his wife, and they become one flesh. 25 Adam and his wife were both naked, and they felt no shame.

Gen 3:1-15 1 Now the serpent was more crafty than any of the wild animals Yahweh Elohim had made. He said to the woman, "Did Elohim really say,'You must not eat from any tree in the garden'?" 2 The woman said to the serpent, "We may eat fruit from the trees in the garden, 3 but Elohim did say, 'You must not eat fruit from the tree that is in the middle of the garden, and you must not touch it, or you will die.'" 4 "You will not certainly die," the serpent said to the woman. 5 "For Elohim knows that when you eat from it your eyes will be opened, and you will be like Elohim, knowing good and evil." 6 When the woman saw that the fruit of the tree was good for food and pleasing to the eye, and also desirable for gaining wisdom, she took some and ate it. She also gave some to her husband, who was with her, and he ate it. 7 Then the eyes of both of them were opened, and they realized they were naked; so they sewed fig leaves together and made coverings for themselves. 8 Then the man and his wife heard the sound of Yahweh Elohim as he was walking in the garden in the cool of the day, and they hid from Yahweh Elohim among the trees of the garden. 9 But Yahweh Elohim called to the man, "Where are you?" 10 He answered, "I heard you in the garden, and I was afraid because I was naked; so I hid." 11 And he said, "Who told you that you were naked? Have you eaten from the tree that I commanded you not to eat from?" 12 The man said, "The woman you put here with me-she gave me some fruit from the tree, and I ate it." 13 Then Yahweh Elohim said to the woman, "What is this you have done?" The woman said, "The serpent deceived me, and I ate." 14 So Yahweh Elohim said to the serpent, "Because you have done this, "Cursed are you above all livestock and all wild animals!You will crawl on your belly and you will eat dust all the days of your life. 15 And I will put enmity between you and the woman, and between your offspring[i] and hers; he will crush[j] your head, and you will strike his heel."

How are these verses thematically related to the previous bullets?

  • Tree of the Knowledge of Good and Evil .
  • There it is again! Thematically, the Tree of the Knowledge of Good and Evil has become a dominant theme. It has taken center stage.

Which relationship does it seem we have forgotten?

  • The relationship between man and the Yahweh.

What does the fact that Adam and Chava hide from the Yahweh teach us about the relationship between man and Yahweh?

  • That it has been broken.
  • By partaking of the fruit of the Tree of the Knowledge of Good and Evil, Adam and Chava have allowed sin to sever their relationship with the Yahweh.
  • Adam and Chava were driven from the garden, which is the place where Yahweh appears to have also dwelt.
  • Adam and Chava did not physically die on the day they partook of the fruit; however, they were both exiled from Gan Eden. Since Gan Eden contained the Tree of Life and since Yahweh dwelled in Gan Eden, we are left to conclude that death is separation from Yahweh and Life!
  • It is a relationship based on commandments (mitzvot) from Yahweh and obedience by man! Therefore, I believe the main theme or message of this portion of Scripture is this: disobedience to the commandments (mitzvot) severs the relationship between Elohim and man.

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