Recent Sermon Notes

Romans 9 Teaching


Rom. 9:1-5 I say the truth in Messiah, I lie not, my conscience also bearing me witness in the Holy Spirit,
That I have great heaviness and continual sorrow in my heart.
For I could wish that myself were accursed from Messiah for my brethren, my kinsmen according to the flesh:
Who are Israelites; to whom pertaineth the adoption, and the glory, and the covenants, and the giving of the law, and the service of Elohim, and the promises;
Whose are the fathers, and of whom as concerning the flesh Messiah came, who is over all, Elohim blessed for ever. Amen.

  • Verse 1
  • Paul wants his readers to understand that he is sincere.
  • So he makes three statements that will persuade them.
  • He is speaking the truth because Messiah is with him.
  • He is not lying.
  • We cannot always trust the human conscience.
  • But Paul has the Holy Spirit as a witness.
  • The Holy Spirit is the Spirit of truth.
  • Verses 2-3

  • 3 Paul is so sad when he thinks about his relatives, the Jews.
  • They have not accepted their Messiah.

Ex. 32:32 Yet now, if thou wilt forgive their sin--; and if not, blot me, I pray thee, out of thy book which thou hast written.

  • Moses asked Yah to punish him instead. He asked Yah to ‘remove his name from the book of life.
  • Paul would be willing to suffer this punishment so that the Jews could receive Yah’s salvation.
  • Paul wanted the Jews to trust Messiah.
  • It shows how eagerly Paul was praying for them.
  • Paul loved them so much that he did not even care about himself. Instead, he appealed to Yah on their behalf.
  • But Paul realised that nothing could separate him from Yah’s love

Rom. 8:37-39 Nay, in all these things we are more than conquerors through him that loved us.
For I am persuaded, that neither death, nor life, nor angels, nor principalities, nor powers, nor things present nor things to come,
Nor height, nor depth, nor any other creature, shall be able to separate us from the love of Elohim, which is in Messiah Yahshua our Master.

  • Paul knew that the Jews had to trust Messiah in order to receive Yah’s salvation.

Ex. 32:33 And Yahweh said unto Moses, whosoever hath sinned against me, him will I blot out of my book.

  • Our prayers are powerful. But they do not change the principles of how Yah acts. His mercy is great. But he will only save people when they put their trust in him.
  • Verses 4-5

  • Paul makes a list of the special ways that Yah has shown his kindness to the Jews.
  • 1.Yah had adopted them as his sons. Israel is my first born son.

Ex. 4:22 And thou shalt say unto Pharaoh, Thus saith Yahweh, Israel is my son, even my firstborn.

Hosea. 11:1 When Israel was a child, then I loved him, and called my son out of Egypt.

  • 2. The glory was the evidence that Yah was present with his people.
  • The name for it is the ‘Shekinah’. It descended on the tent that the Israelites used for worship in the desert.

Ex. 40:34 Then a cloud covered the tent of the congregation, and the glory of Yahweh filled the tabernacle.

  • 3. The main covenant that Paul refers to is the covenant with Abraham. Yah made a covenant with Abraham that Abraham would have a son and many descendants
  • 4. The Law. Yah had told his people how to obey him.
  • 5. The worship in the temple. The book of Leviticus gives all the rules for the priests and for the ceremonies.
  • At that time the Jews were still using the temple.
  • 6. The promises. Yah promised to Abraham that by one of his descendants, Yah would show kindness to all the families on earth
  • 7. In the original language, Paul simply writes ‘the fathers’.
  • He means Abraham, Isaac and Jacob.
  • Jacob’s 12 sons were the ancestors of the 12 tribes.
  • That is, the 12 large families which became the Israelites.
  • 8. Messiah was born as a Jew.
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