Recent Sermon Notes

Romans 13

2015-11-28

Rom. 13:1 Let every soul be subject unto the higher powers. For there is no power but of Elohim : the powers that be are ordained of Elohim.
13:2
Whosoever therefore resisteth the power, resisteth the ordinance of Elohim: and they that resist shall receive to themselves judgment.
13:3
For rulers are not a terror to good works, but to the evil. Wilt thou then not be afraid of the power? do that which is good, and thou shalt have praise of the same:
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For he is the minister of Elohim to thee for good. But if thou do that which is evil, be afraid; for he beareth not the sword in vain: for he is the minister of Elohim, a revenger to execute wrath upon him that doeth evil.
13:5
Wherefore ye must needs be subject, not only for wrath, but also for conscience sake.

  • Does Romans 13 Tell Us to Obey Every Government.
  • Romans 13:1-10 addresses our responsibility to the authority of human government and to the law of Yah.
  • Unfortunately, many Christians use this passage to cave in to anything the government tells them to do.
  • They become like sheep (also known as "sheeple") headed for the slaughter.
  • Absolutely, we need to pay our taxes and adhere to the laws of the land in order to maintain civil peace and an orderly society.
  • When the government oversteps it's bounds?
  • People who live in a republic, have the obligation to act against abuses of power.
  • This is becoming increasingly important as our rights and freedoms are being systematically stripped from us.

Rom. 13:1 Let every soul be subject unto the higher powers. For there is no power but of Elohim : the powers that be are ordained of Elohim.

  • Paul speaks out plainly and bluntly, and, by placing every civil gov. under Yah, he radically altered the nature of politics.

Rom. 13:3 For rulers are not a terror to good works, but to the evil. Wilt thou then not be afraid of the power? do that which is good, and thou shalt have praise of the same.

  • The terror or fear required in vs. 3 is a religious one, Yah-centered, because it is Yah’s order and Yah’s restraint on sin that is at stake.
  • This terror is thus with respect to Yah and His law order, not man’s.
  • Paul not only places civil gov. under Yah, but he implicitly and surely requires that civil gov. comply with Yah’s law.
  • This is clear from Paul’s references to civil gov: it is ‘ordained of Yah,’ as are all things, and, like everything else in the universe, must serve Yah.
  • V-1 Let every soul be subject unto the higher powers. For there is no power but of Elohim : the powers that be are ordained of Elohim.
  • Both words, ordained and subject, have reference to a Yah-established order, and both every man and every ruler are placed under that order with a duty to comply to it.

Acts. 5:29 Then Peter and the other apostles answered and said, We ought to obey Yahweh rather than men.

  • This verse applies equally to the subject and the ruler, to the state and to the citizen. There are no exemptions from Yah’s law.
  • Man’s law must be rooted in Yah’s laws.
  • A gov. that defies the laws of Yah is heading for disaster.
  • Paul is not requiring an unquestioning submission to all authority.
  • He is saying that we cannot without sin challenge the fact of authority in any sphere, family, church, state, or elsewhere.
  • He is generalizing, although civil gov is clearly in mind.
  • A person’s relationship to civil gov. was a problem for the early church , as it should be today also.
  • The fundamental confession of the early church was ‘Yahshua is Master’ or Sovereign

Phil. 2:9-11 Wherefore Yahweh also hath highly exalted him, and given him a name which is above every name:
2:10
That at the name of Yahshua every knee should bow, of things in heaven, and things in earth, and things under the earth;
2:11
And that every tongue should confess that Yahshua Messiah is Master, to the glory of Yahweh the Father.

  • This, however, ran counter to the claim of Rome that Caesar was Master or sovereign.
  • Paul answers the question, can we obey Caesar, who claims to be our Master”
  • Paul’s answer is that Caesar is the ‘minister of Yah,’ i.e., servant. We obey Caesar as Yah’s servant, not as a sovereign.
  • Paul tells us that every kind of authority and every civil gov. lives in Yah’s world under Yah’s gov.
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