Recent Sermon Notes

Romans 14 Teaching


Rom. 14:5 One man esteemeth one day above another : another esteemeth every day alike. Let every man be fully persuaded in his own mind.

  • Is Paul teaching that the Sabbath is a matter of what we believe in our own minds.
  • Or is Paul discussing another matter entirely?
  • If Paul is teaching on another matter rather than the Sabbath day then we cannot teach that Paul is teaching anything related to the Sabbath day.
  • Paul has always taught in agreement with Yah’s law and not against it.
  • That should be a concern for anyone teaching Paul taught against Yah’s law.
  • Paul was teaching to those who knew Yah’s law.
  • Paul was writing to those believed Yah’s law to be clear, not defined as doubtful matters.
  • It should already be clear that the context is not Yah’s Sabbath because Yah’s Sabbath is clearly part of Yah’s law.
  • Those who knew Yah’s law (7:1) already understand this.

Rom. 7:1 Know ye not, brethren, (for I speak to them that know the law,) how that the law hath dominion over a man as long as he liveth?

  • no one in the first century disputed the establishment of the Sabbath day in Yah’s law (especially the Jews who were given the oracles of Yah.

Rom. 3:1-2 What advantage then hath the Jew? or what profit is there of circumcision?
Much every way: chiefly, because that unto them were committed the oracles of Elohim.

  • Paul is certainly not going to appeal the benefit of knowing Yah’s law and then throw Yah’s law in the trash can.
  • It should also be noted that the Sabbath is nowhere to be mentioned in Romans 14.
  • We need to ensure that our interpretation of Romans 14 is consistent with what Paul already taught earlier in the very same letter.
  • We can only conclude that Paul was teaching on something outside of Yah’s law in Romans 14.
  • Something more related to tradition or doctrines of men
  • Something that would be considered doubtful disputations to Jews.
  • Many Jews had been deceived by the mainstream theological education system of the day.
  • That men’s traditions and doctrines (oral law/Talmud) actually mattered.
  • Yahshua taught that, unfortunately, such traditions often conflicted against the Law of Moses.

Mark. 7:6-13 He answered and said unto them, Well hath Esaias prophesied of you hypocrites, as it is written, This people honoureth me with their lips, but their heart is far from me.
Howbeit in vain do they worship me, teaching for doctrines the commandments of men.
For laying aside the commandment of Elohim, ye hold the tradition of men, as the washing of pots and cups: and many other such like things ye do.
And he said unto them, Full well ye reject the commandment of Elohim, that ye may keep your own tradition.
For Moses said, Honour thy father and thy mother; and, Whoso curseth father or mother, let him die the death:
But ye say, If a man shall say to his father or mother, It is Corban, that is to say, a gift, by whatsoever thou mightest be profited by me; he shall be free.
And ye suffer him no more to do ought for his father or his mother;
Making the word of Elohim of none effect through your tradition, which ye have delivered: and many such like things do ye.

  • Paul calls these things “doubtful disputations” because they are not of Yah’s law, but of man.
  • What we need to determine is the tradition or doctrine that is the source of the debate in Romans 14.
  • Paul explains himself.

Rom. 14:6-7 He that regardeth the day, regardeth it unto Yahweh; and he that regardeth not the day, to Yahweh he doth not regard it. He that eateth, eateth to Yahweh, for he giveth Elohim thanks; and he that eateth not, to Yahweh he eateth not, and giveth Elohim thanks.
For none of us liveth to himself, and no man dieth to himself.

  • The disputations outside of Yah’s law being discussed here is the matter of weekly fasting, when to fast and when not to fast.
  • There is no day in which the Torah commands us to fast.
  • In Yahshua’s time, the Pharisees fasted twice a week, on Mondays and Thursdays.

Luke. 18:12 I fast twice in the week, I give tithes of all that I possess.

  • Gentile converts that continued the tradition of weekly fasting observed fasting on Wednesdays and Friday so that they could be different than the Pharisees and their corrupted “oral law” that was contrary to the Law of Moses.
  • What Paul was simply trying to solve for in Romans 14 is whether weekly fasting matters or not as it relates to the commandments and teachings of men (“the oral law”).
  • As Paul concludes, what really matters is what we do for Yah.
  • That may or may not include weekly fasting.
  • Weekly fasting is not to be a status symbol.
  • It is to not be projected as a commandment or directive to others.
  • Anyone who fasts for such a reason is weak in the faith.
  • They are placing more faith in man’s traditions and missing the whole point of fasting in the first place.
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