Recent Sermon Notes

Torah Portion #2 Soul And Spirit


Gen. 1:24 And Elohim said, Let the earth bring forth the living creature (NEPHESH) after his kind, cattle, and creeping thing, and beast of the earth after his kind: and it was so.

Gen. 1:30 And to every beast of the earth, and to every fowl of the air, and to every thing that creepeth upon the earth, wherein there is life (NEPHESH), I have given every green herb for meat: and it was so.

Gen.2:7 And YHWH Elohim formed man of the dust of the ground, and breathed into his nostrils the breath of life; and man became a living soul(NEPHESH).

Gen.9:4-6 9:4 But flesh with the life thereof, which is the blood thereof, shall ye not eat. 9:5 And surely your blood of your lives will I require; at the hand of every beast will I require it, and at the hand of man; at the hand of every man's brother will I require the life of man. 9:6 Whoso sheddeth man's blood, by man shall his blood be shed: for in the image of Elohim made he man.

  • Nephesh-for-nephesh: a life for a life.
  • Note that YHWH does not speak of anything eternal in the text.
  • Nephesh", is the physical life of the creature.

The Soul is Mortal.

  • Scripture tells us the soul is mortal. Concerning the nephesh of every living creature (be it bird, beast, or man), all have one thing in common: they all will die.

Eze.18:4 Behold, all souls are mine; as the soul of the father, so also the soul of the son is mine: the soul that sinneth, it shall die.

Eze.18:20 The soul that sinneth, it shall die. The son shall not bear the iniquity of the father, neither shall the father bear the iniquity of the son: the righteousness of the righteous shall be upon him, and the wickedness of the wicked shall be upon him.

  • The person who sins shall die. And that part of the person that will die is his nephesh, or soul or being along with his body.
  • The body and the soul (nephesh) share this common characteristic: they are both mortal, that is, they both will die or cease to be.
  • So what we have seen is that the soul/nephesh is mortal, and it will die. It will not live forever.

Soul and Spirit are Different Things

  • Aren’t the words “soul” and the “spirit” different words for the same thing?
  • It is paramount to have a proper understanding of the difference between the soul and the spirit.
  • We have already illustrated that the soul is mortal. We will now examine Scriptures showing that the spirit is immortal.

The Spirit of Man

  • While soul and spirit have similarities, there are also some very marked differences.

Heb.4:12 For the word of YHWH is quick, and powerful, and sharper than any twoedged sword, piercing even to the dividing asunder of soul and spirit, and of the joints and marrow, and is a discerner of the thoughts and intents of the heart.

  • The soul and the spirit of man can (and will) be separated by the Word of YHWH.
  • Since we have already demonstrated that the soul will die, we see that the thoughts and intentions of the heart are correlated to the spirit (not the soul).
  • YHWH will not judge the soul, because it will die (and then return to the dust of the ground).
  • What YHWH will judge, then, are the thoughts and intentions of the heart (which correlate to a person’s immortal spirit).

Eccl.12:5-7 12:5 Also when they shall be afraid of that which is high, and fears shall be in the way, and the almond tree shall flourish, and the grasshopper shall be a burden, and desire shall fail: because man goeth to his long home, and the mourners go about the streets: 12:6 Or ever the silver cord be loosed, or the golden bowl be broken, or the pitcher be broken at the fountain, or the wheel broken at the cistern. 12:7 Then shall the dust return to the earth as it was: and the spirit shall return unto Elohim who gave it.

  • Notice that the body of man will return to dust, but the spirit of man will return to Elohim.
  • Notice that it is the ruach (spirit), not the soul, which has its connections with eternity.

Heart and Spirit

Ps.51:10-13 51:10 Create in me a clean heart, O Elohim; and renew a right spirit within me. 51:11 Cast me not away from thy presence; and take not thy Set-apart Spirit from me. 51:12 Restore unto me the joy of thy salvation; and uphold me with thy free spirit. 51:13 Then will I teach transgressors thy ways; and sinners shall be converted unto thee.

  • Melek (King) David wrote this after his sin with Bat Sheva (Bathsheba).
  • Notice that he is pleading with YHWH to cleanse his heart, and restore his ruach (spirit).
  • It is the heart and the spirit that are immortal; and not the soul.

Similarities/Differences between the Soul and the Spirit of Man

  • Each person has within his being, a mind that gives him the capacity to think and to reason.
  • The capacity to feel emotions.
  • The free will of man.
  • The ability to desire things, and to choose.
  • Both the soul and the spirit share these characteristics.
  • However, there is a very important distinction between the way the soul and the spirit uses these characteristics.
  • The characteristics of the spirit (the mind, the emotions and the individual will), all deal with the rightness or wrongness of any given situation. Morals and ethics are involved.
  • In contrast, the characteristics of the soul (the mind, the emotions and the individual will), all deal solely with the flesh.
  • What I want to ware today

Spiritual Choices

  • When you read Scripture (or something dealing with spiritual matters,
  • You will then either make a choice to submit to the leading of the Set-apart Spirit, or to harden your heart against its leading.
  • These things are all matters dealing with rightness and wrongness, with eternal matters. It is either righteousness or sin to you. These matters are all done in the spirit of man.

Operating in the Flesh

Romans 8:6 For the mind set on the flesh is death, but the mind set on the Spirit is life and peace.

Building with the Power of the Soul

  • If you are operating in the power of the soul, then the things of the flesh appeal to you.

1Cor 3:11-13 3:11 For other foundation can no man lay than that is laid, which is Yahushua the Messiah. 3:12 Now if any man build upon this foundation gold, silver, precious stones, wood, hay, stubble; 3:13 Every man's work shall be made manifest: for the day shall declare it, because it shall be revealed by fire; and the fire shall try every man's work of what sort it is.


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