Recent Sermon Notes

Torah Portion Trumah Part A


Take an Offering

Exodus25:1-27:19 Take an Offering

Exodus 25:1-7 1 And YHWH spoke to Moshe, saying, 2 “Speak to the children of Israel, that they take for Me an offering; of every man whose heart makes him willing you shall take My offering. 3 And this is the offering which you shall take of them; gold, and silver, and brass, 4 and blue, and purple, and scarlet, and fine linen, and goats' hair, 5 and rams' skins dyed red, and tachash, and acacia wood, 6 oil for the light, spices for the anointing oil, and for the sweet incense, 7 onyx stones, and stones to be set, for the ephod, and for the breastplate.”

  • YHWH now commands Moshe to take an offering from everyone who feels moved to give.
  • YHWH specifies what items He needs for His people to give in this offering. Basically, they are giving the best that they have, in order to build His House (Kingdom).
  • YHWH does not want our leftovers; He wants us to willingly give our best to Him. We should also apply this concept to our time, as well as our possessions.
  • This list gives us a pretty good indication of just how much wealth, with which Israel left Egypt.
  • This fledgling nation had gone from poverty to wealth overnight, on the night of Pesach.
  • YHWH was asking them to give up a portion willingly to Him, to show Him how much they loved Him, as compared to how much they loved their wealth (stuff).
  • There is one word above, “tachash” ( תְּחָשִׁים – tachashim, plural form in the text) which English translators often mistranslate as “badger” or “porpoise.”

Leviticus 11:27 And whatsoever goes upon its paws, among all beasts that go on all fours, they are unclean unto you; whoever touches their carcass shall be unclean until the evening.

  • It would not be possible to minister in the tabernacle in a state of cleanness,
  • Just exactly what this animal was, we do not now know. It could be extinct now.
  • When we consider that these things came from the continent of Africa, and that there are many clean animals there.

Exodus 25:8-98 “And let them make Me a sanctuary, that I may dwell among them. 9 according to all that which I am showing you, the pattern of the tabernacle, and the pattern of all its vessels, even so you shall make it.”

  • They will be using the offering to build a tabernacle, or “Mishkan.”
  • “Mishkan”literally means “dwelling place.” This would be the place where YHWH would dwell in the midst of His people.
  • YHWH also commanded Moshe that they were to build the Mishkan according to the pattern that YHWH was showing him.
  • The pattern shown to Moshe included the furniture of the Mishkan, as well as the Mishkan itself.

The Ark of the Covenant

Exodus 25:10-16 10 “And they shall make an ark of acacia wood; two cubits and a half shall be the length thereof, and a cubit and a half the breadth thereof, and a cubit and a half the height thereof. 11 And you shall overlay it with pure gold, within and without shall you overlay it, and shall make upon it a crown of gold round about. 12 And you shall cast four rings of gold for it, and put them in the four feet thereof; and two rings shall be on the one side of it, and two rings on the other side of it. 13 And you shall make staves of acacia wood, and overlay them with gold. 14 And you shall put the staves into the rings on the sides of the ark, wherewith to bear the ark. 15 The staves shall be in the rings of the ark; they shall not be taken from it. 16 And you shall put into the ark the testimony which I shall give you.”

  • This was an important piece; in fact, it was the central piece of furniture in the Mishkan.
  • This was a very beautiful piece, and quite valuable according to the world’s standards.
  • With the Ark being covered all in gold, it would have been a very striking piece to look at.
  • However, it was made of wood, covered in gold.
  • Our hearts are very much like this. They are just a clay pot; but if we will allow Him, He will make it a fit dwelling place for Him. A simple wooden box is not a fit place to put His Torah.
  • Likewise, our heart, in its sinful condition, is not a fit place to write His Torah. He needs to clean us up first.

The Mercy Seat of the Ark

Exodus 25:17-20 17 “And you shall make a mercy-seat of pure gold; two cubits and a half (shall be) the length thereof, and a cubit and a half the breadth thereof. 18 And you shall make two cherubim of gold; of beaten work shall you make them, at the two ends of the mercy-seat. 19 And make one cherub at the one end, and one cherub at the other end; of one piece with the mercy-seat shall you make the cherubim on the two ends thereof. 20 And the cherubim shall spread out their wings on high, covering the mercy-seat with their wings, with their faces one to another; toward the mercy-seat shall the faces of the cherubim be.”

  • On the top of the ark, was a lid which many often refer to as the mercy seat.
  • And here seems to be a stumbling block for many

Deuteronomy 4:16 16 “Lest you corrupt yourselves, and make yourselves a graven image in the form of any figure, the likeness of male or female.”

  • In one passage, Ex. 25:17-20 above, YHWH commands us to make images. Then in Deut.4:16 YHWH commands us not to make any graven images of anything at all. What gives?
  • Basically, we are not to make images to worship, or that have any religious significance, except for those images that He expressly commands us to make.
  • If He has not commanded us to make it, then we should not make it.
  • In addition to this, YHWH commanded us to make particular images for very specific purposes and uses.
  • He does not command us that we can make images of cherubim and fill our homeswith them, or to wear them upon our person in the form of jewelry.
  • Doing this would be outside the parameters of this command and, in fact, it would be sin.
  • We may not like to hear this, but this is His command and this is His truth. We just need to accept it and live by it, to show that we are His people. His people love Him and obey His commandments.

John 14:15 15 “If you love Me, you will keep My commandments.”

The Command Came Forth

Exodus 25:21-22 21 “And you shall put the mercy-seat above upon the ark; and in the ark you shall put the testimony that I shall give you. 22 and I have met with you there, and have spoken with you from off the mercy-seat (from between the two cherubs, which are on the ark of the testimony) all that which I command you concerning the sons of Yisrael.”

  • Let us remind ourselves about the context of what is happening here.

Exodus 25:9 9 “according to all that which I am showing you, the pattern of the tabernacle, and the pattern of all its vessels, even so you shall make it.”

  • Please note, that YHWH is presently showing Moshe the pattern of the Mishkan(Tabernacle)
  • Basically, we need to remind ourselves, that the people have not yet built the Mishkan;
  • The earthly Mishkan is not built yet, because YHWH is just now showing its pattern to Moshe.
  • Please note the location of YHWH we find recorded in verse 22.
  • YHWH is telling us, that all which He commanded Yisrael through Moshe, was done from the mercy seat between the cherubim. What this tells us, is that Moshe actually saw the heavenly Mishkan and all its furnishings.
  • This would include the Ark. Basically, what YHWH is telling us, is that He took Moshe into the Qodesh Qodeshim (Holy of Holies) and gave Moshe the commandments concerning Yisrael.

The Table of the Bread of Presence

Exodus 25:23-30 23 “And you shall make a table of acacia wood; two cubits (shall be) the length thereof, and a cubit the breadth thereof, and a cubit and a half the height thereof. 24 And you shall overlay it with pure gold, and make thereto a crown of gold round about.25 And you shall make to it a border of a handbreadth round about; and you shall make a golden crown to the border thereof round about. 26 And you shall make for it four rings of gold, and put the rings in the four corners that are on the four feet thereof. 27 Close by the border shall the rings be, for places for the staves to bear the table. 28 And you shall make the staves of acacia wood, and overlay them with gold, that the table may be borne with them. 29 And you shall make the dishes thereof, and the spoons thereof, and the lids thereof, and the bowls thereof, wherewith to pour out; of pure gold shall you make them. 30 and you shall put on the table bread of the presence before Me continually.”

  • These various pieces of furniture in the Mishkan were not all in the same room. There were actually two rooms in the Mishkan, an outer and an inner room. Only a curtain separated these two rooms.
  • The only thing in the inner room is the Ark of the Testimony.
  • This piece, the Table of the Bread of Presence, was in the outer room along with the menorah and the altar of incense.

Leviticus 24:5-6 5 And you shall take fine flour, and bake twelve cakes thereof; two tenth parts (of an ephah) shall be in one cake. 6 And you shall set them in two rows, six on a row, upon the pure table before YHWH.

  • Please note, that upon this table, YHWH commands that there are to be placed, twelve loaves of bread, one for each of the twelve tribes.
  • The priests were to do this every single day.
  • This seems to also be prophetic of what later happens in the ministry of Yahshua in the feeding of the five thousand.

John 6:13 13 So they gathered them up, and filled twelve baskets with broken pieces from the five barley loaves, which remained over to them that had eaten.

  • It is interesting to note, that when Yahshua fed the five thousand (this was only counting the men, not the women or the children), and when the leftovers were gathered up, there were twelve baskets full of bread.
  • When Yahshua created this miracle, He intentionally did it to have twelve baskets full of bread left over. Why?
  • It may well be that he wanted to bring to our minds the twelve loaves of bread in the Mishkan.
  • But why would that help us to think about that bread?

John 6:48 I am the Bread of Life.”

  • Yahshua told us that He is the Bread of Life. He used the occasion of the feeding of the five thousand to reveal this truth. It was a truth before the feeding of the five thousand; He just chose to reveal it at this time. In order to give this truth more impact upon the hearers,
  • He caused twelve baskets full of bread to be left over. This would likely cause them to think about the twelve loaves in the Mishkan. These twelve loaves of bread are the Bread of the Presence.
  • The message that they would hear in the Spirit, was that Yahshua was the Bread of Presence in the flesh.

John 6:27 27 “Work not for the food which perishes, but for the food which abides unto eternal life, which the Son of man shall give to you; for him the Father, even Elohim, has sealed.”

  • Yahshua then went on to explain to His disciples that they needed to work for the bread (food) that does not perish.

John 6:63 63 “It is the Spirit that gives life; the flesh profits nothing; the words that I have spoken to you are spirit, and are life.”


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